What is laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy?
It is a minimally invasive surgical procedure where a laparoscope (a long thin instrument with a camera attached to one end) is inserted via a small incision close to the navel. The camera in the laparoscope transmits pictures of the pelvis and abdomen to a monitor for the surgeon to view and perform the surgery. Normally, Co2 (carbon dioxide) gas is pumped to the abdomen to create more space to work. If necessary, additional 2 or 3 slits are made in order to pass an instrument that helps to take away the cyst. The entire procedure is under the anaesthesia.
Why is it necessary to remove the cyst?
The cyst generally goes unnoticeable but sometimes it causes sharp pain and discomfort. In such cases, cystectomy is the best option one has. Other cases where an ovarian cyst may need to be removed are:
- In case of the cyst being cancerous in nature.
- If the diameter of the cyst is more than 2.5 inches.
- If the ovarian cyst is solid in nature (usually they are small fluid-filled sacs).
What are the risks involved?
The risk involved in a laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy is common to any minimally invasive surgery and can be managed very easily. They are:
- Infection in/around the surgical site.
- Bleeding during the surgery.
- Damage to the surrounding organs.