Endometriosis (en-doe-me-tree-O-sis) is a disorder in which tissue similar to the tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus, the endometrium, grows outside your uterus. This extra tissue or scar caused by the removal of this tissue can result in blockage of fallopian tubes leading to infertility.
With endometriosis, the endometrial-like tissue acts as endometrial tissue would — it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. But because this tissue has no way to exit your body, it becomes trapped. When endometriosis involves the ovaries, cysts called endometriosis may form. Surrounding tissue can become irritated, eventually developing scar tissue and adhesions abnormal bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to stick to each other.
Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during menstrual periods. Fertility problems also may develop.Endometriosis can cause pain — sometimes severe — especially during menstrual periods. Fertility problems also may develop.
Fortunately, effective treatments for infertility are available at Sparsh Women Hospital.
Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) : Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend several days into a menstrual period. You may also have lower back and abdominal pain.
Pain with intercourse : Pain during or after sex is common with endometriosis.
Pain with bowel movements or urination : You're most likely to experience these symptoms during a menstrual period.
Excessive bleeding : You may experience occasional heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between periods (intermenstrual bleeding).
Infertility : Sometimes, endometriosis is first diagnosed in those seeking treatment for infertility.
Other signs and symptoms : You may experience fatigue, diarrhoea, constipation, bloating or nausea, especially during menstrual periods.