Uterine fibroids are frequently found during a routine pelvic exam. Your doctor may feel irregularities in the shape of your uterus, suggesting the presence of fibroids in the uterus.
Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop in or around the womb (uterus). The growths are made up of muscle and fibrous tissue and vary in size. They’re sometimes known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas. Women who do have symptoms (around 1 in 3) may experience:
- Heavy periods or painful periods.
- Tummy (abdominal) pain.
- Lower back pain.
- Frequent need to urinate.
- Pain or discomfort during sex.
If you have symptoms of uterine fibroids, your doctor may order these tests:
Ultrasound : It uses sound waves to get a picture of your uterus to confirm the diagnosis and to detect fibroids. A doctor moves the ultrasound device over your abdomen or places it inside your vagina to get images of your uterus.
Lab tests : If you have abnormal menstrual bleeding, your doctor may order other tests to investigate potential causes. These might include a complete blood count (CBC) to determine if you have anaemia because of chronic blood loss and other blood tests to rule out bleeding disorders or thyroid problems.
Uterine Fibroids Treatment
Treatment may not be necessary if you have fibroids but don’t have any symptoms, or if you only have minor symptoms that aren’t significantly affecting your everyday activities. Fibroids often shrink after the menopause, and your symptoms will usually either ease or disappear completely. Doctors will offer you further medication or surgery if these are ineffective.