Laparoscopic surgery for gynaecological conditions are usually performed through a small keyhole incision in the abdominal wall, through which instruments are introduced .The cameras mounted on the scope allows the surgeon a clear view of the abdominal and pelvic contents.
There are several benefits of laparoscopic surgery compared to an open surgery
- Since the number of incisions is lesser and the size of incisions is very small, and they heal faster, pain experienced by the patient is much lesser compared to an open surgery. This also helps in the patient becoming ambulatory earlier on, and subsequently a faster discharge from hospital and earlier return to normal day to day activities.
- Compared to an open surgery, the amount of blood loss during laparoscopic surgery is much lesser.
- Duration of hospital stay is much lesser after a laparoscopic surgery compared to an open one.
- Smaller incisions, less blood loss, less pain, faster healing, faster ambulation all of this leads to an earlier discharge from the hospital and an earlier return to normal day to day activities. This is extremely beneficial for the patient psychologically.
- Open surgeries may lead to the development of hernia due to the bigger size of the incision and the further weakening of the abdominal wall. This risk is much lesser in a laparoscopic surgery.