If pregnancy is not established even after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse, then it's called infertility. The reason can be male infertility or female infertility, which can be assessed after proper examination. Male fertility is not something uncommon and if you are facing this issue then you are not alone. Approximately one-third of infertility is associated with male.
Symptoms of Male Infertility
- Reduced Sexual Desire.
- Difficulty in maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction)
- Abnormal breast growth or other hormonal abnormalities.
- Decreased body and facial hair.
- Difficulty in ejaculation.
Although most of the men do not observe symptoms for male infertility other than the inability to conceive a child, you should visit a doctor if you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms.
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Causes of Male Infertility
Varicoceles : Varicoceles is the swollen veins in the scrotum that results in infertility. Due to the blockage of blood flow to the scrotum, there is difficulty in temperature regulation which does not favour the production of sperms resulting in low sperm count.
Ejaculation Issues : When semen enters the bladder instead of going out through the penis, it's called Retrograde Ejaculation. There are various reasons for Retrograde Ejaculations like diabetes, surgery of bladder, medication, etc. Some men with spinal cord injuries or other diseases can not ejaculate semen, even though they still produce sperms. In such cases, sperms can be retrieved using and used for assisted reproduction.
Hormonal Imbalances : Any hormonal abnormality affecting the hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid and adrenal gland can result in infertility.
Certain Medications : Certain medications can impair sperm production like long term use of steroids, testosterone replacement therapy, chemotherapy and certain antifungal medications.
Lifestyle : Men who consume alcohol or tobacco can lead to erectile dysfunction or decreased sperm production. Consumption of drugs like marijuana or cocaine can reduce the quality and production of sperms. Other few reasons like emotional stress, depression and obesity can lead to infertility.
Male Infertility Treatment clinic in Udaipur - Sparsh IVF
Treatment for Male infertility completely depends on the possible cause. Many of the issues can be treated with surgery and medications.
Surgical Procedures : Conditions like varicocele can be treated by minor surgery called varicocelectomy. Any blockage causing azoospermia can also be treated with other surgeries.
Non-Surgical Procedures : Infertility caused by retrograde ejaculations, abnormalities of hormones or infection can be treated using medications. If the above two does not help, you can achieve Assisted Reproductive Techniques(ART) to achieve conception. With the latest innovations and development, Assisted Reproductive Techniques(ARTs) offers powerful treatment options. These techniques helped in achieving pregnancy even if you have low sperm count.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI): This method involves the insertion of sperms into the uterus through the cervix during ovulation. It’s also used when couples need to use sperm donors. This method often works for low sperm count issues.
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): IVF means In Vitro Fertilization - In this method, sperms are mixed with eggs of the female partner outside her body in a petri dish in the lab. After the fertilization in 3-5 days, eggs are again placed back inside the uterus. IVF is the best treatment option for infertility in couples with oligospermia. IVF pregnancy is one of the most used methods for infertile couples today. IVF treatment cost is very much affordable with a significant-good success rate at Sparsh Women Hospital.